also known as Jahar Veer Gogga is a folk deity of Rajasthan state in
India. He is an eminent warrior-hero of the region. He is also venerated as a
saint and even as 'snake-god'.
He is known as Goga among the Hindus. Gogaji
is popular as a snake-god and almost every village in Rajasthan has a Than
(sacred place) dedicated to him.Rabari community in Gujarat and Rajasthan is
great believer in Gogaji. The devotees of Gogaji can be found in Uttar Pradesh,
Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana. In Haryana in kaithal, kurukshtra, ambala,and
every village where rajput living very devotional to goga ji chauhan
Maharashtra and Himachal Pradesh . In Gujarat, an annual procession is taken
out in honor of the great warrior.
Many Bachal Rajputs are said to get the name
from queen Bachal, who was mother of famous folk-deity Jaharveer Gogaji.
Gogaji according to legend was son of a Chauhan Rajput Ruler named Vacha or
Juar, whose wife Bachal was from Tuar clan. Gogaji was born upon blessings given
to Queen Bachal by Guru Gorakhnathji. Population of Bachal Rajputs, who
worship him as Kuldevta can be found distributed among the States of Rajasthan,
Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, etc.
Location and Fair
A grand fair is held at Gogamedi, which is
359 km from Jaipur, in Hanumangarh district of Rajasthan in August in memory of
Gogaji. It is believed that Gogaji went into samadhi at Gogamedi. Thousands of
devotees gather to pay homage at this memorial annually in the month of
Bhadrapada during the Gogaji fair, which lasts for 3 days. The fair is held
from the ninth day of the dark half of Bhadrapada (Goga Navami) to the eleventh
day of the dark half of the same month. The inscription in Persian at the main
entrance describes Mahmud of Ghazni's regard for Gogaji. It is quite a sight to
see people singing and dancing to the beats of drums and gongs with
multicolored flags called nishans in their hands. the songs and bhajans on the
life history of Gogaji and along with play the music with traditional
instruments like Damru, Chimta, etc.
Goga ji was born in Dadrewa in Churu district
in Rajasthan. Early days of Gogaji were spent at village Dadrewa, situated on
Hissar-Bikaner Highway in the Churu district. He was born in Chauhan clan to
Chauhan Vacha and queen Bahcal and were rulers of this area during that
period - around 900 AD. A fair is simultaneously held here too in his memory.
His desandants adopted the name Bachal Rajput after name of Gogaji's mother.
Gogaji was born by the blessing of Guru gorkhnath
ji. Gogaji's mother, Rani Bachal worshipped her guru Gorkhnath for 12 years to
receive a boon of a child. Gogaji's wife was Siriyal and his father was Raja
Jewar Singh of Bhagar Desh.
There is another popular story behind the
12-year worship of the mother of Jahar Peer (Bachal).
While Rani Bachal was worshiping Guru
Gorakhnath, she had a twin-sister Rani Kachal who decided to usurp the
blessings from Guru Gorakhnath. In the middle of night, she wore the clothes of
her sister and deceived the Guru into giving her the blessing fruit. When Rani
Bachal came to know about it, she rushed to Guru Gorakhnath and said that she
had not received anything. To this, Guruji replied that he had already given
his blessings and said that her sister was trying to deceive her. After much
persistence from Rani Bachal, the Guru relented and gave her two Gugal candies
(Gugal is a herb which is prescribed even till today under Ayurveda to treat
people of infertility), and hence the name Gogaji. She distributed these
candies to the ladies having no child, including the 'Blue mare' who was
pregnant at that time. The horse borne to the mare the 'Blue Horse' that Gogaji
When Guru Gorkhnath gave the blessing to Rani
Bachal, he foretold that her son would become very powerful and would also rule
over both the sons of Rani Kachal. Gogaji had the company of his blue horse,
Nar Singh Peer and Bohriwala. He finally killed both the sons of Rani Kachal
and informed his mother. Gogaji's mother on hearing this became very angry and
decided not even to see her son's face ever. However, every evening Gogaji met
his wife in hiding. One day Rani Bachal came to know about it and thought of
apologizing for her mistake. Being previously ordered by his mother of not ever
showing his face to her, Gogaji sought for help from Guru Gorkhnath. Guruji
with his Chimta (holy tongs) from Gorkhtilla slid the land causing Gogaji and
his horse to take samadhi.
In the books bijal ke chauhan written by
Ratanlal Mishra there is a story of Chauhan and chakravati's in which there is
a story of gogaji and his life such as of fight with mughals history of
chamanas,chauhan on himalaya,worship of bramha vishnu mahesh etc.and related
with storys of gogaji and chauhan vansh.